January 22, 2022

Pregnancy’s First Trimester

What Is Pregnancy’s First Trimester?


The first trimester is the time when a woman is pregnant for the first time. It begins on the first day of your last menstruation — before you’re even pregnant — and continues until the 13th week. For both you and your kid, this is a period of immense anticipation and rapid change. You’ll be more prepared for the months ahead if you know what to expect.

Changes in Your Body During the First Trimester
Every woman’s pregnancy is unique. During the first three months, some women glow with fantastic health, while others are miserable. Here are some of the changes you may observe, as well as what they represent and which indicators should prompt you to contact your doctor.

Bleeding: During the first trimester, about 25% of pregnant women have little bleeding. Light spotting early in the pregnancy could indicate that the fertilised egg has implanted in your uterus. Call your doctor if you have significant bleeding, cramps, or intense pain in your stomach. These symptoms could indicate a miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy in which the embryo implants outside of the uterus).

Breast tenderness: Tenderness in the breasts One of the first indicators of pregnancy is sore breasts. They’re brought on by hormonal shifts that prepare your milk ducts to feed your kid. During the first trimester, your breasts will most likely be tender. Wearing a support bra and going up a bra size (or more) will help you feel more comfortable. You won’t be able to return to your regular bra size until your baby is no longer nursing.

Constipation: High quantities of the hormone progesterone slow down the muscular contractions that transport food through your system regularly during pregnancy. When you add in the extra iron from your prenatal vitamin, you’re likely to experience painful constipation and gas, which can make you feel bloated throughout your pregnancy. To keep things running more smoothly, eat more fibre and drink more water. Physical activity may also be beneficial.

Discharge: Early in your pregnancy, you may notice a thin, milky white discharge (known as leukorrhea). If it makes you feel more comfortable, wear a panty liner, but don’t use a tampon because it could introduce germs into your vaginal area. Call your doctor if the discharge smells foul, is green or yellow, or if there is a lot of clear discharge.

Fatigue: Your body is putting in a lot of effort to support a growing baby. This implies you’ll exhaust out more quickly than usual. During the day, take naps or rest as needed. Check to see if you’re getting enough iron in your diet. Anemia can develop if you consume too little iron, making you even more exhausted.

Likes and dislikes: when it comes to food. Although you may not want a bowl of mint chip ice cream topped with dill pickles, your tastes might alter when you’re pregnant, contrary to popular belief. Food cravings affect more than 60% of pregnant women. More than half of people have foods they despise. It’s fine to give in to cravings every now and again as long as you eat nutritious, low-calorie items the majority of the time. Pica, a craving for nonfoods like clay, dirt, and laundry starch, is the exception, and it can be dangerous for both you and your baby. If you have a craving like this, make an appointment with your doctor right away.

For more details please visit Science and facts